Occupational Therapy - Child Development: Independence in Activities

Independence in daily activities for ages 3-5:  

When we give our child responsibility for taking care of his body, we convey an important message: You are already grown up and capable, we trust you!

Our child feels a sense of control that empowers him. Moreover, he also draws on self-confidence and develops a positive self-image by learning to trust himself and believe in his abilities. Also, practicing and performing daily activities helps to develop fine and gross motor skills. 

Independence in day-to-day activities depends on three main factors:
The child's ability, the child's motivation and parental expectations.

Daily activities include bathing, toilet, clothing, eating, personal hygiene, sleeping, keeping personal items organized.

 

 

 

Bathing

Toilet 

Clothing

Eating

Age 3

Requires observations. Can help washing his hands

Independence according to the child's aptitude.

Assists in putting on and off his clothes. Puts on socks and removes shoes.

Drinking from a cup. Eating using a spoon

Age 4

Requires observations.

He can learn to brush his teeth.

Light help

 

Independent using spoon and fork.

Can begin learning to use a knife.

Age 5

Requires observations over bathing.

Independent in washing
עצמאי בשטיפת ידיים

Independent

Independent

Independent using spoon and fork.
Requires help using a knife.

 

In the initial stage, it is important to support the child during his adjustment by escort and providing light help. Activities must be practiced at convenient times, without pressure. Afterward, allow full independence during the day's routine in activities the child is capable of performing.